The Military Along The Trails West

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  • The Civil War in the West
  • Military Forts in the West
  • Military Forts in Texas
  • A Soldier's Plea For Justice An Indian War Veteran's Experience in Kansas and New Mexico During the Indian Wars of 1867-1868 by William THornton Parker, MD, United States Army; Companion 1st Class, Order of Indian Wars, U.S.A.

  • African-American Soldiers & American Indians in the West A listing and map from TNT

  • The Bascom Affair On January 29, 1861, Second Lieutenant George N. Bascom, 7th U.S. Infantry, was ordered to proceed to Apache Pass, 150 miles to the Northeast from Fort Buchanan in Arizona to retake a boy captured by the Apache and also some stolen stock. The confrontation with Cochise, called The Bascom Affair, started a war that lasted until 1872.

  • The Battle of Coon Creek Along the Santa Fe Trail in 1848

  • Buffalo Soldiers Buffalo Soldiers were named by the indians because of thier hair that resembled the buffalo's and their fighting integrity. Buffalo soldiers earned a reputation for being courageous and brave in war. They served in large numbers during the Civil War, with numbers reaching more than 150,000.

  • Buffalo Soldiers and Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts A chronological list of battles and actions in which regular Army troops of African American soldiers participated from 1866 - 1893. A majority of these occur in Texas, Indian Territory, and other regions of the Mid-West.

  • Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Robinson, Nebraska Black soldiers (called 'Buffalo Soldiers' by the Plains Indians) garrisoned Fort Robinson for eighteen years and played an important role in northwestern Nebraska's history.

  • Buffalo Soldier Memorial: Fort Bayard, NM After the Civil War, Congress mandated the formation of two new cavalry regiments. These regiments were made up of freed black men led by white officers. The Indians gave these men the name "Buffalo Soldiers" because they, like the buffalo, had a fearless fighting spirit and curly black hair.

  • Buffalo Soldiers On The Western Frontier From the International Museum of the Horse

  • Bushwhackers on Military Road In and around Benton County, MO

  • Chivington, The Hero Major John Chivington led an attack to the top of Glorieta Mesa, New Mexico. It was difficult, rocky, pinon-juniper terrain, but they forced their way westward to the rear of the Confederate Army. The "Fighting Parson" and the Colorado Volunteers had saved Colorado and California for the Union.

  • Civil War Archives The Union Regimental Histories in Oregon

  • Civil War in New Mexico Many people do not know that the Civil War was fought as far west as New Mexico, but in fact there was a vigorous campaign conducted there. Confederate forces, led by Lt. Col John R. Baylor succeeded in capturing the major city of Albuquerque and the capital city of Santa Fe. The Confederates attempted to reshape the destiny of this region, briefly establishing a new territory capital at Mesilla, but their reign lasted only one year.

  • Daily Life on the Western Frontier "During the 1860s and 70s, the frontier forts resembled little more than rundown villages, and the enlisted men's barracks were often poorly ventilated, vermin infested hovels." Good information on daily military life

  • Frontier Military Road, KS What you'll find along the Military Road in Kansas. Lots of Links

  • Military Food Rationing Includes directions on how to make hardtack

  • Oregon and the Civil War Oregon became involved in the Civil War even before it was a State.

  • Plans for a Scouting Expedition The possibility of opening a military road south from Las Vegas, NM down the Pecos River Valley. This report was written March 15, 1850

  • Brig. Gen. Henry Hopkins Sibley Commander of the Confederate Forces in New Mexico. In 1860 Major Sibley was assigned to New Mexico to fight the Navajos. He was placed in command at Cantonment Burgwin at Taos and later at Fort Union. In May of 1861 he resignd to join the Confederacy. He led the Confererates in the Battle at Valverde, NM.

  • Trans-Alaska Military Trail and Wagon Road Sections of the trail remain much the same today as when first built by soldiers and destitute prospectors hired by the Army in the summer of 1899.

  • Union Regimental Histories in Colorado: 1862 The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Regiment Cavalry, in addition to McLane's Independent Battery Light Artillery and more

  • The US Camel Corps One of the most interesting military experiments of the American West involved plans to import 77 camels to help build and supply a Western wagon route from Texas to California. It was a dry, hot and otherwise hostile region, not unlike the camel's natural terrain in the Middle East.

  • The US Camel Corps Homepage For several years before the outbreak of the Civil War, the United States Army conducted an experiment using camels as pack animals in the Southwest.

  • The US Cavalry Versus The Indians Includes chronological listing from 1832 through 1898 of major events between the Cavalry and the Plains Indians.

  • Winning the West: The Army in the Indian Wars, 1865 - 1860 The U.S. Army's operational experience in the quarter century following the Civil War has come to be known as the "Indian Wars."

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